Real Exchange Rate, Labor Market and Economic Growth in Latin America

  • Jeruza Haber Universidade Federal de Viçosa
  • Leonardo Bornacki de Mattos Federal University of Viçosa
  • Luciano Dias de Carvalho Federal University of Viçosa
Keywords: Real exchange rate, Labor market, Economic growth, Latin America


The objective of this paper is to empirically analyze the influence of the real exchange rate and the labor market on the economic growth of Latin American countries in the period 2000 to 2014. For that, a “System GMM” model is estimated in which the rate the real exchange rate and the differences in labor productivity, in a dual economy, interact to define different trajectories of growth and functional distribution of income. The results showed that population growth, the average and minimum wage differential - a proxy for the productivity differential - and the participation of wages in income positively influenced the growth of Latin American economies. Furthermore, the devaluation of the real exchange rate has a significant and distinct effect over time on the growth of Latin American economies. Contemporaneously, the influence is negative but, in a lagged way, it is positive (as advocated by the Marshall-Lerner condition). Therefore, it is concluded that the real exchange rate was relevant for the economic growth of Latin America in the period under study.


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How to Cite
Haber, J., Bornacki de Mattos, L. ., & Dias de Carvalho, L. (2023). Real Exchange Rate, Labor Market and Economic Growth in Latin America. Brazilian Keynesian Review, 9(2), 303 - 327.